Difference between plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery

What is cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery? Are they the same or not?  Most of us think that these two are the same but in reality, they are different.

What is Plastic surgery?

difference between plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery

Plastic surgery is done to repair or correct certain deformations or body defects. This is a type of surgery that reconstructs body and facial imperfections. These damages can be caused by burns, birth defects, trauma, and illnesses.

The following are some types of plastic surgery procedures:

  • Lower Extremity reconstruction
  • Breast reconstruction
  • Hand surgery
  • Congenital defect repairs such as extremity defect repair and cleft palate
  • Revision of Scar Surgery

What is Cosmetic Surgery?

Cosmetic surgery is focused on improving or changing the patient’s appearance. This type of surgery involves enhancing the patient’s proportion, aesthetic appeal, and symmetry.

Some types of cosmetic surgery are the following:

  • Facial contouring such as cheek enhancement and Rhinoplasty
  • Body contouring such as Liposuction and Tummy Tuck
  • Breast Enhancement such as breast reduction and augmentation
  • Skin Rejuvenation such as filler treatment and Botox
  • Facial Rejuvenation such as brow lift, Facelift, and Neck lift

The main difference between plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery are:

The focus of plastic surgery is to reconstruct the appearance and normal function while cosmetic surgery focuses on the aesthetic appearance of the patient.

The healing time for plastic surgery procedures is typically longer than that of cosmetic surgery. This is because in plastic surgery, the surgeon needs to assess and check that the operated site is functioning normally and adhering properly.

The training categories of plastic surgery are disorders, trauma surgery, reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, congenital defect repair, and cosmetic surgery. On the other hand, the training categories for cosmetic surgery are tummy tuck, face surgery, liposuction, breast surgery, and other cosmetic surgeries.

The training for plastic surgery is completed through a post-graduate residency program while in cosmetic surgery it begins mainly after residency training.

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